Remanufactured wool substitutes are extensively utilized in the manufacture of woolen and worsted goods. there’s no need for the unfairness that’s sometimes met regarding these reclaimed materials, for by their use many people are warmly and cheaply clothed. If the immense quantity of those materials were wasted, countless persons would be unable to afford proper clothing, because it is difficult to estimate what the worth of would be; and it’s also doubtful if a sufficient quantity might be produced to provide the necessity. In most instances, the utilization of FIbersubstitutes is for the special purpose of manufacturing cloths at a way lower cost.
The cloths made up of waste products, like noils, aren’t much inferior in quality to those produced from the fiber from which the noils are obtained; but the good majority of cloths made up of other waste products are much inferior. the subsequent are the foremost important substitutes: noils, shoddy, mungo, extract-wool, and flocks.
What are Noils – Wool
Noils are the rejected fibers from the method of combing the various wools and hairs; thus, wool noils are from the sheep, mohair noils from the Angora, and alpaca noils from the Peruvian sheep.
Noils are divided into classes, namely, long-wool noils, short or fine-wool noils, mohair noils, and alpaca noils. they’re all obtained within the process of combing, that is, the method which separates the long from the short fibers; the previous is referred to as the “top,” and are utilized in worsted and within the production of mohair and alpaca yarns; while the latter are wont to advantage within the production of the many different sorts of woolen fabrics. With the exception of length, noils are practical of equivalent quality because of the tops from which they’re taken.
Long noils are from the combings of such wools as Leicester and similar wools. These noils, just like the wool from which they’re obtained, are much coarser in quality and fiber than the short-wool noils. Occasionally, when strength is required within the fabric, these noils are used, and that they also are mixed with short-wool noils. Many of the cheviot fabrics are made exclusively of those noils. they’re also mixed with shoddy and cotton within the production of dark-colored fabrics, and in medium and low-priced goods requiring a fibrous appearance, they’re extremely useful. Short or fine-wool noils are the most valuable and are obtained from combing Australian and other fine wools.